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In this paper, a liquid cooling solution has been reported for 3-D package in package-on-package format. A high heat dissipating chip is mounted on a silicon carrier, which has copper through-silicon via (TSV) for electrical interconnection and hollow TSV for fluidic circulation. Heat transfer enhancement structures have been embedded in the chip carrier. Cooling liquid, de-ionized water is circulated through the chip carrier and heat from the chip is extracted. The fluidic channels are isolated from electrical traces using hermetic sealing. The research work has demonstrated liquid cooling solution for 100 W from one stack and total of 200 W from two stacks of the package. The fluidic interconnections and sealing techniques have been discussed.
Components, Packaging and Manufacturing Technology, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:3 , Issue: 2 )
Date of Publication: Feb. 2013