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A Nonlinear Controller Based on a Discrete Energy Function for an AC/DC Boost PFC Converter

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5 Author(s)
Das, P. ; Queen's Centre for Energy & Power Electron. Res. (ePOWER), Queen's Univ., Kingston, ON, Canada ; Pahlevaninezhad, M. ; Drobnik, J. ; Moschopoulos, G.
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AC/DC converter systems generally have two stages: an input power factor correction (PFC) boost ac/dc stage that converts input ac voltage to an intermediate dc voltage while reducing the input current harmonics injected to the grid, followed by a dc/dc converter that steps up or down the intermediate dc-bus voltage as required by the output load and provides high-frequency galvanic isolation. Since a low-frequency ripple (second harmonic of the input ac line frequency) exists in the output voltage of the PFC ac/dc boost converter due to the power ripple, the voltage loop in the conventional control system must have a very low bandwidth in order to avoid distortions in the input current waveform. This results in the conventional PFC controller having a slow dynamic response against load variations with adverse overshoots and undershoots. This paper presents a new control approach that is based on a novel discrete energy function minimization control law that allows the front-end ac/dc boost PFC converter to operate with faster dynamic response than the conventional controllers and simultaneously maintain near unity input power factor. Experimental results from a 3-kW ac/dc converter built for charging traction battery of a pure electric vehicle are presented in this paper to validate the proposed control method and its superiority over conventional controllers.

Published in:

Power Electronics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:28 ,  Issue: 12 )