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Buffer-Aided Relaying With Adaptive Link Selection—Fixed and Mixed Rate Transmission

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2 Author(s)
Zlatanov, N. ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Univ. of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada ; Schober, R.

We consider a simple network consisting of a source, a half-duplex decode-and-forward relay with a buffer, and a destination. We assume that the direct source-destination link is not available and all links undergo fading. We propose two new buffer-aided relaying schemes with different requirements regarding the availability of channel state information at the transmitter (CSIT). In the first scheme, neither the source nor the relay has full CSIT, and consequently, both nodes are forced to transmit with fixed rates. In contrast, in the second scheme, the source does not have full CSIT and transmits with fixed rate but the relay has full CSIT and adapts its transmission rate accordingly. In the absence of delay constraints, for both fixed rate and mixed rate transmission, we derive the throughput-optimal buffer-aided relaying protocols which select either the source or the relay for transmission based on the instantaneous signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs) of the source-relay and relay-destination links. In addition, for the delay constrained case, we develop buffer-aided relaying protocols that achieve a predefined average delay. Compared to conventional relaying protocols, which select the transmitting node according to a predefined schedule independent of the instantaneous link SNRs, the proposed buffer-aided protocols with adaptive link selection achieve large performance gains. In particular, for fixed rate transmission, we show that the proposed protocol achieves a diversity gain of two as long as an average delay of more than three time slots can be afforded. Furthermore, for mixed rate transmission with an average delay of E{T} time slots, a multiplexing gain of r=1-1/ (2E{T}) is achieved. As a by-product of the considered link-adaptive protocols, we also develop a novel conventional relaying protocol for mixed rate transmission, which yields the same multiplexing gain as the protocol with adaptive link selection. Hence, for mix- d rate transmission, for sufficiently large average delays, buffer-aided half-duplex relaying with and without adaptive link selection does not suffer from a multiplexing gain loss compared to full-duplex relaying.

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Information Theory, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:59 ,  Issue: 5 )