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We have evaluated the effects of thermal annealing before formation of gate insulator films (preannealing) and thermal annealing after formation of gate insulator films (postannealing) by extracting trap densities for solid-phase crystallized poly-Si thin-film transistors. It is suggested that the preannealing densifies the poly-Si films and induces additional internal stress after the thermal oxidation of the gate insulator films. On the other hand, the postannealing also relieves the internal stress. These conflicting effects indicate that the order of the thermal annealing is very important to improve device performance.