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Continuous Time Level Crossing Sampling ADC for Bio-Potential Recording Systems

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8 Author(s)
Wei Tang ; Klipsch School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces ; Ahmad Osman ; Dongsoo Kim ; Brian Goldstein
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In this paper we present a fixed window level crossing sampling analog to digital convertor for bio-potential recording sensors. This is the first proposed and fully implemented fixed window level crossing ADC without local DACs and clocks. The circuit is designed to reduce data size, power, and silicon area in future wireless neurophysiological sensor systems. We built a testing system to measure bio-potential signals and used it to evaluate the performance of the circuit. The bio-potential amplifier offers a gain of 53 dB within a bandwidth of 200 Hz-20 kHz. The input-referred rms noise is 2.8 μV. In the asynchronous level crossing ADC, the minimum delta resolution is 4 mV. The input signal frequency of the ADC is up to 5 kHz. The system was fabricated using the AMI 0.5 μm CMOS process. The chip size is 1.5 mm by 1.5 mm. The power consumption of the 4-channel system from a 3.3 V supply is 118.8 μW in the static state and 501.6 μW with a 240 kS/s sampling rate. The conversion efficiency is 1.6 nJ/conversion.

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IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers  (Volume:60 ,  Issue: 6 )