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Neural fuzzy motion estimation and compensation

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2 Author(s)
Hyun Mun Kim ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Univ. of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA ; B. Kosko

Neural fuzzy systems can improve motion estimation and compensation for video compression. Motion estimation and compensation are key parts of video compression. They help remove temporal redundancies in images. But most motion estimation algorithms neglect the strong temporal correlations of the motion field. The search windows stay the same through the image sequences and the estimation needs heavy computation. A neural vector quantizer system can use the temporal correlation of the motion field to estimate the motion vectors. First- and second-order statistics of the motion vectors give ellipsoidal search windows. This algorithm reduced the search area and entropy and gave clustered motion fields. Motion-compensated video coding further assumes that each block of pixels moves with uniform translational motion. This often does not hold and can produce block artifacts. We use a neural fuzzy system to compensate for the overlapped block motion. This fuzzy system uses the motion vectors of neighboring blocks to map the prior frame's pixel values to the current pixel value. The neural fuzzy system used 196 rules that came from the prior decoded frame. The fuzzy system learns and updates its rules as it decodes the image. The fuzzy system also improved the compensation accuracy. The paper derives both the fuzzy system and the neural learning laws that tune its parameters

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing  (Volume:45 ,  Issue: 10 )