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Assessing User Bias in Affect Detection within Context-Based Spoken Dialog Systems

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5 Author(s)
Syaheerah Lebai Lutfi ; Speech Technol. Group, Univ. Politec. de Madrid, Madrid, Spain ; Fernando Fernández-Martínez ; Andrés Casanova-García ; Lorena López-Lebón
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This paper presents an empirical evidence of user bias within a laboratory-oriented evaluation of a Spoken Dialog System. Specifically, we addressed user bias in their satisfaction judgements. We question the reliability of this data for modeling user emotion, focusing on contentment and frustration in a spoken dialog system. This bias is detected through machine learning experiments that were conducted on two datasets, users and annotators, which were then compared in order to assess the reliability of these datasets. The target used was the satisfaction rating and the predictors were conversational/dialog features. Our results indicated that standard classifiers were significantly more successful in discriminating frustration and contentment and the intensities of these emotions (reflected by user satisfaction ratings) from annotator data than from user data. Indirectly, the results showed that conversational features are reliable predictors of the two abovementioned emotions.

Published in:

Privacy, Security, Risk and Trust (PASSAT), 2012 International Conference on and 2012 International Confernece on Social Computing (SocialCom)

Date of Conference:

3-5 Sept. 2012