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A New Algorithm of ISAR Imaging for Maneuvering Targets with Low SNR

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5 Author(s)
Yachao Li ; Key Lab. for Radar Signal Process., Xidian Univ., Xi'an, China ; Mengdao Xing ; Junhai Su ; Yinghui Quan
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Inverse synthetic aperture radar (ISAR) imaging is one of the important high- resolution radar applications for moving target detection and identification. The radial velocity, radial acceleration, and acceleration rate of maneuvering targets can cause range cell migration and Doppler variation in the received signals, which will degrade the imaging quality. Therefore, these parameters should be estimated and compensated before imaging. In low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) conditions, the conventional motion parameter estimation and compensation algorithms for maneuvering targets do not work properly. To effectively detect and identify the maneuvering targets in low SNR conditions, a new radar imaging algorithm is proposed. The major contributions are as follows: 1) a novel algorithm for envelope migration correction is proposed with adjacent cross correlation function; 2) the target's motion parameters are estimated with the operations of Keystone transform and time-frequency transform to the adjacent cross correlation; 3) a theoretical analysis of the impact of motion parameters on the envelope migration is made, then cross-range phase estimation with the adjacent cross function is presented; 4) based on the estimated motion parameters of targets, a new algorithm for high-resolution ISAR imaging is developed.

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Aerospace and Electronic Systems, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:49 ,  Issue: 1 )