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VANETs (Vehicular Ad-hoc NETworks) are a special case of MANETs (Mobile Ad-hoc NETworks). Their main feature is the high mobility range of nodes, which causes topology changes and frequent disconnections. Topology-based routing protocols have weak performances in such networks. This is why a new set of routing protocols, designated as geographic routing protocols, were designed to enhance performances and ensure a better scalability. These geographic protocols assume on one hand that all nodes must be aware about their position (by using a positioning system like GPS). On the other hand they also assume a certain knowledge about the position of the destination node and the position of their neighbors thanks to Location-based Services. In this paper, we compare three location-based services: Reactive Location Service (RLS), Grid Location Service (GLS) and Hierarchical Location Service (HLS) while coupled to the well known geographic routing protocol Greedy Perimeter Stateless Routing (GPSR). As far as we know, our work is the first that targets the performance evaluation of location-based services while coupled with a routing protocol. The simulations were performed using the NS-2 simulator on a realistic map about the city of Reims (France). Besides, a scalability study of GLS and HLS is presented. This study is based on three qualitative metrics (the location maintenance cost, the location query cost and the storage cost).
Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC Fall), 2012 IEEE
Date of Conference: 3-6 Sept. 2012