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This paper proposes a method for achieving improved ego-vehicle global localization with respect to an approaching intersection, which is based on the alignment of visual landmarks perceived by the on-board visual system, with the information from a proposed extended digital map (EDM). The visual system relies on a stereovision system that provides a detailed 3-D description of the environment, including road landmark information (lateral lane delimiters, painted traffic signs, curbs, and stop lines) and dynamic environment information (other vehicles). An EDM is proposed, which enriches the standard map information with a detailed description of the intersection required for current lane identification, landmark alignment, and ego-vehicle accurate global localization. A novel approach for lane-delimiter classification, which is necessary for the lane identification, is also presented. An original solution for identifying the current lane, combining visual and map information with the help of a Bayesian network (BN), is proposed. Extensive experiments have been performed, and the results are evaluated with a Global Navigation Satellite System of high accuracy (2 cm). The achieved global localization accuracy is of submeter level, depending on the performance of the stereovision system.
Intelligent Transportation Systems, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:14 , Issue: 2 )
Date of Publication: June 2013