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Rotorcraft collision avoidance using spherical image-based visual servoing and single point features

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3 Author(s)
Mcfadyen, A. ; Fac. of Sci. & Eng., Queensland Univ. of Technol., Brisbane, QLD, Australia ; Corke, P. ; Mejias, L.

This paper presents a reactive collision avoidance method for small unmanned rotorcraft using spherical image-based visual servoing. Only a single point feature is used to guide the aircraft in a safe spiral like trajectory around the target, whilst a spherical camera model ensures the target always remains visible. A decision strategy to stop the avoidance control is derived based on the properties of spiral like motion, and the effect of accurate range measurements on the control scheme is discussed. We show that using a poor range estimate does not significantly degrade the collision avoidance performance, thus relaxing the need for accurate range measurements. We present simulated and experimental results using a small quad rotor to validate the approach.

Published in:

Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS), 2012 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on

Date of Conference:

7-12 Oct. 2012