Notification:
We are currently experiencing intermittent issues impacting performance. We apologize for the inconvenience.
By Topic

Birth of Amplification Before Vacuum Tubes [Historical]

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

1 Author(s)

Tracking back the history of electricity, we see that the possibility of transmitting electrical signals very quickly was conceived soon after English physicist Stephen Gray (~16661736) discovered the difference between insulators and conductors in 1731, the latter being able to transmit electric virtue. In fact, Charles-François de Cisternay du Fay (16991739), a French aristocrat, retired army officer, and scientist, started experimenting in France shortly after visiting Gray in England. His research drew the attention of Jean- Antoine Nollet (17001770), a French scientist and du Fay's assistant, known as Abbé Nollet because he was educated in religious schools (though he was never ordained). In 1746, he arranged some 200 monks in a circle 1.6 km in circumference, connected them with iron wires, and then discharged Leyden jars (early capacitors) through this circuit. He observed that the monks reacted simultaneously to the electric shock, clearly showing that electricity is transmitted at a very high speed.

Published in:

Industrial Electronics Magazine, IEEE  (Volume:6 ,  Issue: 4 )