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Capacity of capacitor installed in PDCs for voltage variation suppression during short circuits in HVDC power feeding systems

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4 Author(s)
Inamori, J. ; NTT Energy & Environ. Syst. Labs., Nippon Telegraph & Telephone Corp., Musashino, Japan ; Higuchi, Y. ; Babasaki, T. ; Nozaki, Y.

This paper describes a molded-cased circuit breaker (MCCB) for higher voltage direct current (HVDC) power feeding systems. To protect circuits from fault current, such as an overcurrent or a short circuit current, an overcurrent circuit breaker is installed in power feeding systems. When a large-scale overcurrent circuit breaker is required, the case which uses MCCBs in HVDC power feeding system can be considered. However, the interrupting time of MCCBs is generally longer than that of semiconductors and fuses. Therefore, a short circuit current continues flowing for about several milliseconds until it is intercepted, and the voltage of the power feeding system continues to drop. This results in a large voltage variation of the power feeding system after a short circuit occurs when using MCCBs. We evaluated the degree of the power feeding system voltage after a short circuit occurs when using a commercial MCCB as an overcurrent circuit breaker in an HVDC power feeding system. We confirmed through experiments that the capacity of capacitor was the main factor in the voltage variation during a short circuit. We clarified the key factors concerning of the configuration of the cable condition and power distribution cabinet (PDC) for the voltage suppression when a short circuit occurs in HVDC power feeding systems equipped with MCCBs.

Published in:

Telecommunications Energy Conference (INTELEC), 2012 IEEE 34th International

Date of Conference:

Sept. 30 2012-Oct. 4 2012