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Before electronics: Room for error: Computer graphics has revolutionized television studios

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Before 1972, getting the results of the November elections to the home-television viewer was largely a mechanical activity, with sometimes inaccurate and perhaps boring results. In the early 1960s TV studios that broadcast the election results resembled small-town ballparks. Races were listed on large boards with slots for numbers. Fifty or more human pages ran around the boards trying to put the numbers in the right slot.

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IEEE Spectrum  (Volume:21 ,  Issue: 10 )