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Improved operation of power transformer protection using artificial neural network

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3 Author(s)
Pihler, J. ; Fac. of Electr. Eng. & Comput. Sci., Maribor Univ., Slovenia ; Grcar, B. ; Dolinar, D.

This paper suggests the possibility of improving digital power transformer protection. The establishment of inrush in power transformers is becoming unreliable in existing numerical protection. An artificial neural network (ANN) was applied to inrush detection. The saturation of protective current transformers (CT) cannot be totally eliminated despite proper dimensioning. ANN was used for the reconstruction of distorted secondary CT currents due to saturation. In both cases, an ANN was included in the protection algorithm as an extension of the existing methods, which improved the reliability of the protection operation. The paper presents the digital protection algorithm completed in this way and the laboratory equipment by means of which experimental results were obtained. The results confirm faster and more reliable recognition of transformer inrush, as well as satisfactory reconstruction of the distorted secondary CT currents

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Power Delivery, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:12 ,  Issue: 3 )