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Absorption saturation in optically excited graphene

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9 Author(s)
Winzer, Torben ; Institut für Theoretische Physik, Nichtlineare Optik und Quantenelektronik, Technische Universität Berlin, Hardenbergstr. 36, 10623 Berlin, Germany ; Knorr, Andreas ; Mittendorff, Martin ; Winnerl, Stephan
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We investigate the saturation of the optical absorption in graphene induced by ultrafast optical pulses. Within a microscopic theory, we study the momentum-, angle-, and time-resolved interplay of anisotropic excitation, carrier-carrier, and carrier-phonon scattering, and its influence on the saturation of absorption and transmission. In agreement with performed experiments, we observe a linear regime for the intensity-dependence of the transmission at low pump fluences and a nonlinear saturation in the high excitation regime. Applying 10 fs-pulses, we obtain a saturation fluence of approximately 0.65 mJ/cm2. We demonstrate how the interplay of Pauli-blocking and intensity-dependent relaxation determines the saturation behavior.

Published in:

Applied Physics Letters  (Volume:101 ,  Issue: 22 )

Date of Publication:

Nov 2012

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