Skip to Main Content
Designing low latency polling schemes is one of the most important parts for passive optical networks (PONs), particularly for long-reach PONs (LR-PON) which suffer from long propagation delays. Sophisticated and efficient bandwidth allocation mechanisms are required to cope with the imposed transmission delay in LR-PONs. In this work, we evaluate three dynamic bandwidth allocation methods in terms of transmission delay. Namely, we consider conventional or interleaved polling for traditional PON and two recently introduced scheduling paradigms for next generation LR-PON, i.e., multi-thread polling (MT-P) and real-time polling (RT-P). We examine various flavors of each scheduling method and investigate their shortcomings and advantages in a LR-PON setting. Furthermore, we provide an analytical framework for obtaining packet delay in an enhanced version of RT-P method. The simulation results highly match the analysis for this framework. Also, our results indicate that RT-P method significantly reduces frame delay in LR-PONs compared to MT-P and conventional polling methods.