Skip to Main Content
Channel state information (CSI) at the base stations (BSs) can significantly increase the spectral efficiency in single and multi-cell broadcast channels. Assuming the users learn their direct and interfering channels, they can feed back this information to the BSs over the uplink. The BSs then form channel estimates which they use to design their transmission scheme. Clearly, the quality of these estimates affects system performance. In this paper, we study limited feedback in a two-cell MIMO broadcast channel. For a fast transfer of CSI, we consider the analog feedback scheme where the users send their unquantized and uncoded CSI over the uplink channels. In this context, given a fixed user's transmit power, we investigate how a user should optimally allocate this power to feed back the direct and interfering CSI for two types of base station cooperation schemes, namely, network MIMO and coordinated beamforming. We focus on regularized channel inversion precoding structures and perform our analysis in the large systems limit in which the number of users per cell (K) and the number of antennas per BS (N) tend to infinity with their ratio β = K/N held fixed.