Skip to Main Content
We have designed, simulated, fabricated, and tested a 64-kb hybrid Josephson-CMOS memory using a 5 mm × 5 mm Josephson interface chip and a 2.0 × 1.5 mm CMOS chip. The Josephson chip uses the Hypres 4.5 kA/cm2 niobium technology and the CMOS chip is made using the TSMC 65-nm technology. The chips are connected using short wire bonds in a piggy-back package. The chip sizes and pad layouts have been constrained to allow testing in our wideband American Cryoprobe Model BCP-2 test probe to measure ultrashort delays. The test signals of 5-mV amplitude are chosen to represent the signals that would be supplied to the memory in a digital computing or signal processing system. Each input signal is first amplified in a four-junction logic gate driving a Suzuki stack, which, in turn, drives a highly sensitive CMOS comparator that raises the signal to volt level. Such amplifiers are provided for the address, data, read, and write inputs to the CMOS memory. Output currents from the memory cells are detected by ultrafast four-junction logic gates providing 5-mV output signals; an equivalent arrangement was used for the delay tests. The overall read delay is the access time, which we find to be about 400 ps. We extrapolate from the measured and calculated power dissipation in this partially accessed 64-kb memory to a fully accessed 64-kb memory and find the expected overall read power dissipation to be about 12 mW for operation at 1 GHz.