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Transport layer performance in IEEE 802.11 mul-tihop wireless networks (MHWNs) has been greatly challenged by wireless medium characteristics and multihop nature which are the sources of several types of packet loss including collision, random channel errors and route failures. Rate control transport protocols, the candidates for multimedia streaming applications suffer from high loss rates and end-to-end delay in MHWNs. A common research direction is that the rate control mechanisms at transport layer should be aware of MAC layer contention to keep the network load at a reasonable level. In this paper, we introduce a new MAC metric which reflects the contention and congestion levels more accurately. The metric is then used to improve the rate control mechanism of a rate-based transport protocol in MHWNs. The simulation results show that the adapted mechanism introduces significant performance improvement in MHWNs.
Date of Conference: 9-12 Sept. 2012