By Topic

Boron Emitter Passivation With Al _{\bf 2} O _{\bf 3} and Al _{\bf 2} O _{\bf 3} /SiN _{bm x} Stacks Using ALD Al _{\bf 2} O _{\bf 3}

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$33 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

3 Author(s)
Armin Richter ; Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems, Germany ; Jan Benick ; Martin Hermle

Thin layers of Al2O3 are known to feature excellent passivation properties on highly boron-doped silicon surfaces. In this paper, we present a detailed study of the passivation quality of Al2O3 single layers and stacks of Al2O3 and antireflection SiNx on boron-doped emitters, where the Al2O3 was deposited by plasma-assisted atomic layer deposition and the SiNx by plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition. The passivation quality was studied for different atomic layer deposition temperatures, as a function of the Al2O3 layer thickness, as well as on samples with planar and random pyramids textured surfaces. These investigations were performed for different boron emitter diffusions, such as shallow, industrial emitters with high surface concentrations, as well as driven-in emitters with low surface concentrations. For all these variations, we compared systematically different thermal post-deposition treatments to activate the Al2O3 passivation, i.e., annealing processes at moderate temperatures and short high-temperature processes, as required for firing printed metal contacts. Therefore, symmetrically processed p+np + samples were fabricated, which were characterized with the photoconductance decay technique to determine emitter saturation current densities. Finally, the longtime stability of the Al2O3/SiNx stacks with planar and textured surfaces was investigated with an accelerated ultraviolet (UV) exposure experiment, miming about 34 month of outdoor performance.

Published in:

IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics  (Volume:3 ,  Issue: 1 )