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This paper presents a fully analytical model to determine the transmission and reflection properties of planar 1-D distributions of metal strips or slits made in thin metal screens. In contrast with other analytical or quasi-analytical approaches, the formulation incorporates the presence of dielectric slabs and is valid over a wide frequency band, from the long wavelength limit to the grating lobes operation. The model has been adapted to the case where two 1-D planar grids are stacked or a single grid is printed on a grounded substrate. In these cases, the model rigorously takes into account higher order mode interaction between the two stacked arrays of strips/slits or with the ground plane. Oblique incidence and both TE and TM polarizations have been considered. The analytical results show a good agreement with those computed by high-performance numerical methods, accounting for very fine details of extremely complicated transmission/reflection spectra. These results are of straightforward application to a variety of practical situations from microwaves to the terahertz regime. The present methodology can still be useful at higher frequencies provided that adequate models of the planar conductors are incorporated. In general, the model provides physical insight on the nature of the expected spectra and facilitates the design of devices based on planar metallic gratings.