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An effective control scheme for a universal input battery charger in electric vehicle applications

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2 Author(s)
Nguyen, Cong-Long ; School of Electrical Engineering, University of Ulsan, Ulsan Korea ; Lee, Hong-Hee

This paper presents an effective control scheme for an electric vehicle battery charger where a symmetrical bridgeless power factor-corrected converter and a buck converter are cascaded. Both converters have been popular in industries because of their high efficiency, low cost, and compact size, hence combining these converters makes the overall battery charging system strongly efficient. Moreover, this charger topology can operate at universal input voltage and attain a desired battery current and voltage without ripple. In order to achieve a unity input power factor and zero input current harmonic distortion, the proposed control scheme adopts duty ratio feed-forward control technique in both current and voltage control loop. Additionally, in the current loop, its reference is created by a phase-locked loop (PLL) block, leading to a pure sinusoidal input current although the input voltage waveform is being distorted. The feasibility and practical value of the proposed approach are verified by simulation and experimental results with an 110V/60Hz ac line input and 1.5kW-72V dc output of the battery charging system.

Published in:

Strategic Technology (IFOST), 2012 7th International Forum on

Date of Conference:

18-21 Sept. 2012