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We have demonstrated a subthreshold FPGA system using monolithically integrated graphene wires. The graphene wires replace double-length lines in the interconnect fabric of a custom FPGA implemented in 0.18-μm CMOS. The four-layer graphene wires have lower capacitance than the CMOS aluminum wires, resulting in up to 2.11× faster speeds and 1.54× lower interconnect energy when driven by a low-swing voltage of 0.4 V. This paper presents the first graphene-based system application and experimentally demonstrates the potential of using low-capacitance graphene wires for ultralow power electronics.
Date of Publication: Jan. 2013