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In this paper, we study full-duplex (FD) operation from a diversity perspective and investigate several protocols that extract diversity gains over a block fading channel. The investigated approach introduces a block-by-block transmission and requires data codewords that span several independent realizations of channel fading. This fundamental approach ensures a diversity gain at least equal to one (i.e., it does not suffer from error floors) and is employed to different relaying strategies without loop interference cancellation (LIC) and with imperfect LIC: a) Amplify-and-Forward (AF) without LIC, b) AF with imperfect LIC and c) Decode-and-Forward with imperfect LIC. The proposed protocols are analyzed from a diversity-multiplexing tradeoff (DMT) standpoint and practical universal codes that achieve the DMT of the proposed schemes are also presented. We show that AF without LIC ensures a full time diversity independently on the statistics of the loop interference, and it is introduced as a general FD-based relaying scheme. In addition, we demonstrate that imperfect LIC is not efficient for cases with strong residual loop interference and limits the diversity gain to one.
Date of Publication: December 2012