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In this era of advanced computing where complex algorithms and expensive approaches are used to determine the machine parameters of a synchronous machine, this paper proposes a novel, economical and yet fundamental approach towards estimation of the d- and q-axis field and damper circuit parameters of a low/medium power wound-field synchronous machine. The proposed novel methodology employs fundamental voltage, current, flux linkage relationships of the 3-phase wound-field synchronous machine in a-b-c reference frame theory. The methodology employed has been explained in length using analytical equations and experiments have been performed on a laboratory synchronous machine based on the developed method. Other equivalent circuit parameters have been determined using conventional tests. At the end, experimental findings have been presented and discussed.