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Classification of gait kinematics of anterior cruciate ligament reconstructed subjects using principal component analysis and regressions modelling

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7 Author(s)
Gustavo Leporace ; Programa de Engenharia Biomédica, COPPE, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, P. O. Box 68.510, 21941-972, Brasil ; Luiz Alberto Batista ; Adriane M. Muniz ; Gabriel Zeitoune
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The aim of this study was to compare the knee kinematics of anterior cruciate ligament reconstructed (ACL-R) and healthy subjects (CG) during gait and classify the status of normality. Ten healthy and six ACL-R subjects had their gait analyzed at 60 fps. 3D knee angles were calculated and inserted into three separate matrices used to perform the principal component (PC) analysis. The scores of PCs retained in each analysis were used to calculate the standard distances (SD) of each participant in relation to the center of the CG. The PC scores of the three planes were used in a logistic regression to define normality. In the sagittal plane there was no difference between groups. In the frontal and transverse planes ACL-R subjects showed higher SD values than CG. PCs identified that ACL-R subjects showed increased adduction, internal and external rotation. All these subjects had their gait classified as abnormal by logistic regression. Therefore, in the studied ACL-R subjects the gait pattern did not return to normal levels after surgery. This may lead to degenerative injuries, as osteoarthritis, in the future.

Published in:

2012 Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society

Date of Conference:

Aug. 28 2012-Sept. 1 2012