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This paper is concerned with the problem of cancellation of heart sounds from the acquired respiratory sounds using a new joint time-delay and signal-estimation (JTDSE) procedure. Multiresolution discrete wavelet transform (DWT) is first applied to decompose the signals into several subbands. To accurately separate the heart sounds from the acquired respiratory sounds, time-delay estimation (TDE) is performed iteratively in each subband using two adaptation mechanisms that minimize the sum of squared errors between these signals. The time delay is updated using a nonlinear adaptation, namely the Levenberg-Marquardt (LM) algorithm, while the function of the other adaptive system-which uses the block fast transversal filter (BFTF)-is to minimize the mean squared error between the outputs of the delay estimator and the adaptive filter. The proposed methodology possesses a number of key benefits such as the incorporation of multiple complementary information at different subbands, robustness in presence of noise, and accuracy in TDE. The scheme is applied to several cases of simulated and actual respiratory sounds under different conditions and the results are compared with those of the standard adaptive filtering. The results showed the promise of the scheme for the TDE and subsequent interference cancellation.