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Observation of flow variation in capillaries of artificial blood vessel by producing microbubble aggregations

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8 Author(s)
Kohji Masuda ; Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Koganei, 184-8588, Japan ; Nobuhiko Shigehara ; Ren Koda ; Nobuyuki Watarai
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Microbubbles form their aggregations between the neighboring microbubbles by the effect of secondary Bjerknes force under ultrasound exposure. However, because of the difficulty to reproduce a capillary-mimicking artificial blood vessel, the behavior of aggregations in a capillary has not been predicted. Thus we prepared artificial blood vessels including a capillary model, which was made of poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) by grayscale lithography method, with minimum diameter of the path of 0.5 mm. By using this model we investigated the possibility of artificial embolization, where the microbubble aggregations might block entire vessels not to penetrate flow in downstream. Confirming that the sizes of flown aggregation were greater than the section area of the minimum path in the capillary model, we investigated the probability of path block in it. As the results we confirmed the probability increased in proportion to sound pressure and inversely to flow velocity. We are going to investigate with more kinds of parameters to enhance the possibility of artificial embolization.

Published in:

2012 Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society

Date of Conference:

Aug. 28 2012-Sept. 1 2012