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In this paper, we present a novel methodology for multimodal non-rigid medical image registration. The proposed approach is based on combining an optical flow technique with a pixel intensity transformation by using a local variability measure, such as statistical variance or Shannon entropy. The methodology is basically composed by three steps: first, we approximate the global deformation using a rigid registration based on a global optimization technique, called particle filtering; second, we transform both target and source images into a new intensity space where they can be compared; and third, we obtain the optical flow between them by using the Horn and Shuck algorithm in an iterative scales-space framework. After these steps, the non-rigid registration is made up by adding the resulting vector fields, computed by the rigid registration, and the optical flow. The proposed algorithm was tested using a synthetic intensity mapping and non-rigid deformation of MRI images. Preliminary results show that the methodology seems to be a good alternative for non-rigid multimodal registration, obtaining an average error of less than two pixels in the estimation of the deformation vector field.
Date of Conference: Aug. 28 2012-Sept. 1 2012