Scheduled System Maintenance on May 29th, 2015:
IEEE Xplore will be upgraded between 11:00 AM and 10:00 PM EDT. During this time there may be intermittent impact on performance. For technical support, please contact us at onlinesupport@ieee.org. We apologize for any inconvenience.
By Topic

Relationship between marrow perfusion and bone mineral density: A pharmacokinetic study of DCE-MRI

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

6 Author(s)
Ma, H.T. ; Dept. of Electron. & Inf. Eng., Harbin Inst. of Technol., Shenzhen, China ; Griffith, J.F. ; Xinxin Zhao ; Haiyan Lv
more authors

A reduced bone perfusion has been found for osteoporotic subjects in previous studies. However, the physiological changes underlying the varied perfusion function is not well known yet. Tofts model is one of the most frequently used pharmacokinetic models in analyzing perfusion process. This study modified the Tofts model by replacing the arterial input function (AIF) by a new algorithm. The modified model was then employed to analyze vertebral bone marrow perfusion in subjects with different bone mineral density (BMD). Eighty-two male subjects were involved in this study and classified into three groups (normal, osteopenia, and osteoporosis) according to T-score. BMD was measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). The quantitative parameters derived from the pharmacokinetic model, Ktrans (extravasation transfer efficiency for blood perfusion) and ve (extravascular extracellular space for blood perfusion), showed a significant reduction in subjects with lower BMD, respectively. The results suggested that with the bone mineral content lost, the vascular wall properties as well as the bone marrow content may also vary. The resultant perfusion change may also influence the bone nutrition supply in reverse.

Published in:

Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC), 2012 Annual International Conference of the IEEE

Date of Conference:

Aug. 28 2012-Sept. 1 2012