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Enhancing stance phase propulsion during level walking by combining fes with a powered exoskeleton for persons with paraplegia

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4 Author(s)
Kevin H. Ha ; Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37235 USA ; Hugo A. Quintero ; Ryan J. Farris ; Michael Goldfarb

This paper describes the design and implementation of a cooperative controller that combines functional electrical stimulation (FES) with a powered lower limb exoskeleton to provide enhanced hip extension during the stance phase of walking in persons with paraplegia. The controller utilizes two sources of actuation: the electric motors of the powered exoskeleton and the user's machine (FSM), a set of FES. It consists of a finite-state machine (FSM), a set of proportional-derivative (PD) controllers for the exoskeleton and a cycle-to-cycle adaptive controller for muscle stimulation. Level ground walking is conducted on a single subject with complete T10 paraplegia. Results show a 34% reduction in electrical power requirements at the hip joints during the stance phase of the gait cycle with the cooperative controller compared to using electric motors alone.

Published in:

2012 Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society

Date of Conference:

Aug. 28 2012-Sept. 1 2012