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This paper introduces a new control strategy for battery energy storage systems used in wind generation. It is specifically targeted to large wind installations, specifically offshore wind applications. This control strategy maximizes the life of the battery and increases the efficiency of the energy storage system while still balancing the power fluctuations of a large wind turbine system. The depth of discharge and remaining battery life are the key parameters considered in this approach. The proposed control scheme is applied to the battery package such that each battery cell is controlled individually. Individual cell depth of discharge is controlled and cell life is calculated periodically so that all cells within the package reach the end of life at the same. Total storage capacity and individual battery cell size are calculated based on the characteristics of the wind turbine. To verify the presented method, a case is studied in PSCAD and corresponding results are provided.
Power and Energy Society General Meeting, 2012 IEEE
Date of Conference: 22-26 July 2012