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Results of the experimental investigations and physical simulation of the processes of lightning affection of the compacted and extended objects on models and the investigation of its lightning protection effectiveness using artificial charged aerosol clouds are presented. Peculiarities of affection of the grounded objects by the discharges from artificial charged aerosol clouds are presented and analyzed. Influence of the characteristics of lightning rod and object models (or lightning conductor and phase wire models) on the process of their affection by the discharge from charged aerosol has been analyzed. Comparison of the experimental results with the calculated and experimental methods of determination of the compacted and extended object lightning protection (in context of power objects) has been fulfilled. Recommendations on the improvement of lightning protection of the existing and projecting power energy objects have been proposed.