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A high-performance frequency stability compact CPT clock based on a Cs-Ne microcell

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8 Author(s)
Boudot, R. ; Time & Freq. Dept., Franche-Comte Electron. Mec. Thermique Opt. Sci. et Technol. (FEMTO-ST), Besancon, France ; Xiaochi Liu ; Abbe, P. ; Chutani, R.
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This paper reports on a compact table-top Cs clock based on coherent population trapping (CPT) with advanced frequency stability performance. The heart of the clock is a single buffer gas Cs-Ne microfabricated cell. Using a distributed feedback (DFB) laser resonant with the Cs D1 line, the contrast of the CPT signal is found to be maximized around 80°C, a value for which the temperature dependence of the Cs clock frequency is canceled. Advanced techniques are implemented to actively stabilize the clock operation on a zero-light-shift point. The clock frequency stability is measured to be 3.8 × 10-11 at 1 s and well below 10-11 until 50 000 s. These results demonstrate the possibility to develop high-performance chip-scale atomic clocks using vapor cells containing a single buffer gas.

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Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:59 ,  Issue: 11 )