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Image Compressive Sensing Recovery via Collaborative Sparsity

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6 Author(s)
Jian Zhang ; School of Computer Science and Technology, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, China ; Debin Zhao ; Chen Zhao ; Ruiqin Xiong
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Compressive sensing (CS) has drawn quite an amount of attention as a joint sampling and compression approach. Its theory shows that when the signal is sparse enough in some domain, it can be decoded from many fewer measurements than suggested by the Nyquist sampling theory. So one of the most challenging researches in CS is to seek a domain where a signal can exhibit a high degree of sparsity and hence be recovered faithfully. Most of the conventional CS recovery approaches, however, exploited a set of fixed bases (e.g., DCT, wavelet, and gradient domain) for the entirety of a signal, which are irrespective of the nonstationarity of natural signals and cannot achieve high enough degree of sparsity, thus resulting in poor rate-distortion performance. In this paper, we propose a new framework for image compressive sensing recovery via collaborative sparsity, which enforces local 2-D sparsity and nonlocal 3-D sparsity simultaneously in an adaptive hybrid space-transform domain, thus substantially utilizing intrinsic sparsity of natural images and greatly confining the CS solution space. In addition, an efficient augmented Lagrangian-based technique is developed to solve the above optimization problem. Experimental results on a wide range of natural images are presented to demonstrate the efficacy of the new CS recovery strategy.

Published in:

IEEE Journal on Emerging and Selected Topics in Circuits and Systems  (Volume:2 ,  Issue: 3 )