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This paper presents a 60-GHz direct-conversion RF front-end and baseband transceiver including analog and digital circuitry for PHY functions. The 65-nm CMOS front-end consumes 319 and 223 mW in transmitting and receiving mode, respectively. It is capable of more than 7-Gb/s 16QAM wireless communication for every channel of the 60-GHz standards, which can be extended up to 10 Gb/s. The 40-nm CMOS baseband including analog, digital, and I/O consumes 196 and 427 mW for 16QAM in transmitting and receiving modes, respectively. In the analog baseband, a 5-b 2304-MS/s ADC consumes 12 mW, and a 6-b 3456-MS/s DAC consumes 11 mW. In the digital baseband integrating all PHY functions, a (1440, 1344) LDPC decoder consumes 74 mW with the low energy efficiency of 11.8 pJ/b. The entire system including both RF and BB using a 6-dBi antenna built in the organic package can transmit 3.1 Gb/s over 1.8 m in QPSK and 6.3 Gb/s over 0.05 m in 16QAM.
Date of Publication: Jan. 2013