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Numerical calculation of diffraction coefficients of generic conducting and dielectric wedges using FDTD

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3 Author(s)
Stratis, G. ; Cellular Infrastructure Group, Motorola Inc., Rolling Meadows, IL, USA ; Anantha, V. ; Taflove, A.

Classical theories such as the uniform geometrical theory of diffraction (UTD) utilize analytical expressions for diffraction coefficient for canonical problems such as the infinite perfectly conducting wedge. We present a numerical approach to this problem using the finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method. We present results for the diffraction coefficient of the two-dimensional (2-D) infinite perfect electrical conductor (PEC) wedge, the 2-D infinite lossless dielectric wedge, and the 2-D infinite lossy dielectric wedge for incident TM and TE polarization and a 90° wedge angle. We compare our FDTD results in the far-field region for the infinite PEC wedge to the well-known analytical solutions obtained using the UTD. There is very good agreement between the FDTD and UTD results. The power of this approach using FDTD goes well beyond the simple problems dealt with in this paper. It can, in principle, be extended to calculate the diffraction coefficients for a variety of shape and material discontinuities, even in three dimensions

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Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:45 ,  Issue: 10 )