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Uni-vector-sensor ESPRIT for multisource azimuth, elevation, and polarization estimation

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2 Author(s)
Wong, K.T. ; Appl. Phys. Lab., Johns Hopkins Univ., Laurel, MD, USA ; Zoltowski, M.D.

This paper introduces a novel eigenstructure-based algorithm uni-vector-sensor ESPRIT that yields closed-form direction-of-arrival (DOA) estimates and polarization estimates using one electromagnetic vector sensor. A vector sensor is composed of six spatially co-located nonisotropic polarization-sensitive antennas, measuring all six electromagnetic field components of the incident wave field. Uni-vector-sensor ESPRIT is based on a matrix-pencil pair of temporally displaced data sets collected from a single electromagnetic vector sensor. The closed-form parameter estimates are obtained through a vector cross-product operation on each decoupled signal-subspace eigenvector of the data correlation matrix. This method exploits the electromagnetic sources' polarization diversity in addition to their spatial diversity, requires no a priori knowledge of signal frequencies, suffers no frequency-DOA ambiguity, pairs automatically the x-axis direction cosines with the y-axis direction cosines, eliminates array interelement calibration, can resolve up to five completely polarized uncorrelated monochromatic sources from near field or far field. It impressively out-performs an array of spatially displaced identically polarized antennas of comparable array-manifold size and computational load

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Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:45 ,  Issue: 10 )