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In recent years, lots of researches have explored how to extend the lifetime of wireless sensor networks. Many of them focus on how to defend against Denial of Service (DoS)  attacks, and focus on how to arrange the locations of sensor nodes in different wireless sensor network architectures to extend the lifetime of sensor networks and to improve network security. This paper will use artificial bee colony algorithm and Or-opt algorithm to plan a transmission route of the detect features. Patrol nodes are also exploited to reduce power depletion and to extend the network lifetime. Patrol nodes will collect sensing data of nearby sensor nodes, detecting patterns in the collection data to confirm the collection data whether is normal or not. The experiments proof our method can reduce the time consume for dada transformation between patrol nodes.