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An efficient method of moments (MoM) solution of the volume-surface integral equation (VSIE) is presented for the analysis of electromagnetic (EM) scattering and radiation of composite objects comprising arbitrarily contacted dielectrics and conductors. In contrast to the conventional Schaubert-Wilton-Glisson (SWG) and Rao-Wilton-Glisson (RWG) basis functions, which were widely used in the MoM solutions of the VSIE, a new hybrid pulse-rooftop basis function is proposed to explicitly enforce the boundary condition of vanishing tangential electric field at the dielectric-conductor interface. As a consequence, the displacement currents in the dielectrics can be efficiently modeled by a reduced number of volume bases on the same set of meshes, particularly when thin dielectric slabs are involved in the composite structures. The numerical results of EM scattering and radiation of several composite objects are shown to illustrate the accuracy and efficiency of the proposed scheme. Since the new hybrid basis function can be easily implemented into the existing fast algorithms, the VSIE solution presented in this paper is promising for EM problems of composite targets with large size.