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Frequency based control of electric water heaters in small PV-diesel hybrid mini-grids

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2 Author(s)
Elamari, K. ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Concordia Univ., Montreal, QC, Canada ; Lopes, L.A.C.

Renewable energy sources (RESs) such as wind and photovoltaic (PV) can be cost effective to meet part of the energy needs of autonomous power systems (mini-grids). However, their fluctuating characteristics increase the challenge to diesel genset(s) to balance supply and demand in systems like remote communities that already present a highly variable load. This paper discusses the use of demand side management (DSM), by means of frequency controlled electric water heaters (EWHs), to minimize this issue. Its impact on a residential type PV-diesel mini-grid is demonstrated for various conditions by means of simulation with PSCAD.

Published in:

Electrical & Computer Engineering (CCECE), 2012 25th IEEE Canadian Conference on

Date of Conference:

April 29 2012-May 2 2012