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The spin torque oscillation (STO) due to magnetic resonance is investigated in term of the Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert (LLG) equation. An analytic formula of the LLG equation with macro-spins describes a spin state that involves information of an oscillation frequency. The LLG equation can be transformed into an equation of a forced oscillation. The obtained equation includes a frequency of STO, an effective Gilbert damping factor, and an injected spin current. We show that the effective Gilbert damping is given by a linear function of the spin current. Contrastingly, the frequency of STO is not affected by the injected spin current. However, the time-dependent variation of the spin current, e.g., the pulsated spin current, possibly increases the frequency of STO.
Date of Publication: Nov. 2012