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Electrodynamic MEMS: Application to Mobile Phone Loudspeakers

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9 Author(s)
Lemarquand, V. ; IUT de Figeac, Univ. de Toulouse, Figeac, France ; Lemarquand, G. ; Lefeuvre, E. ; Shahosseini, I.
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This paper presents an electrodynamic MEMS for mobile phone loudspeaker applications. The whole structure of the loudspeaker is a new conception to reach higher performances than in existing devices: a linear behavior to ensure a high acoustic fidelity and a high efficiency to increase the power autonomy. So, the motor is ironless, constituted of permanent magnet only. Several electrodynamic structures are presented and studied with analytical formulations of the magnetic field. The emissive part is a plane silicon surface, very rigid and light, the suspension is achieved by silicon beams, which are not sensitive to mechanical fatigue, the electroplated copper coil is thick and requires a specialist technique to be deposited. The moving part displacements are in a range far larger than in existing MEMS (600 μ m). The trends for dimensioning the structure are investigated and prototypes realized and tested, with NdFeB ring magnets. As a result, the 70 dB SPL at 10 cm bandwidth reaches up to 100 kHz, and the behavior is particularly linear.

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Magnetics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:48 ,  Issue: 11 )