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While axial flux permanent magnet (AFPM) machines are manufactured, their wrong assembly can be possible, such as misaligned PM rotor position of double-sided machine. Once the machines are assembled, detecting the misaligned rotor is hard, so the designers are required to have deep insight in its related and unexpected characteristics to prevent them focusing on other possible errors. Therefore, this paper deals with the characteristic analysis on the influence of the misaligned rotor position of double-sided AFPM machine and its experimental verification. In general, the AFPM machines have been analyzed by 3-D finite-element method (3-D FEM) due to their structural features, but it requires very long analysis time to consider various factors. For this reason, analytical approach is presented in order to consider all the cases of the misaligned rotor positions, and it is confirmed to be practical to detect the positions and to reduce analysis time with high reliability. With the analytical approach, the misaligned rotor position characteristics, such as back-emf and its total harmonic distortion are analyzed. Furthermore, all the analysis results are validated by 3-D FEM results and experimental verification.