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Effect of Spatial Homogeneity of Spin Polarization on Magnetic Field Response of an Optically Pumped Atomic Magnetometer Using a Hybrid Cell of K and Rb Atoms

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4 Author(s)
Ito, Y. ; Grad. Sch. of Eng., Kyoto Univ., Kyoto, Japan ; Ohnishi, H. ; Kamada, K. ; Kobayashi, T.

We measured the spatial homogeneity of spin polarization, which is directly related to the sensitivity and magnetic linewidth of an optically pumped atomic magnetometer with a hybrid cell of K and Rb atoms. This was done by changing the position of the probe beam. Furthermore, for comparison, we also measured the sensitivity and magnetic linewidth of atomic magnetometers with single K and single Rb cells, and found that optically thick atoms were spin polarized homogeneously with the hybrid cell. Optically thin alkali metal vapor can be spin polarized homogeneously, and the spin polarization transfers to an optically thick alkali metal vapor. An atomic magnetometer with the hybrid cell was found to be more effective in realizing simultaneous signal measurements at different locations with the uniform sensitivity and magnetic linewidth.

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Magnetics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:48 ,  Issue: 11 )