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Anisotropic Nd _{2} Fe _{14} B Submicron Flakes by Non-Surfactant-Assisted High Energy Ball Milling

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3 Author(s)
Cui, B.Z. ; Electron Energy Corp., Landisville, PA, USA ; Marinescu, M. ; Liu, J.F.

This paper reports on the formation mechanism, structure, crystallographic anisotropy, magnetic properties and postannealing of single-crystal and [001] textured poly-nanocrystalline Nd2Fe14B flakes with a micron, submicron or nanosize thickness prepared by a non-surfactant-assisted high energy ball milling (HEBM) technique. Nd15.5Fe78.5B6 ingot micro-powders were the precursor while ethanol was the only milling medium. Similar to the structural evolution process in the surfactant-assisted HEBM, single-crystal flakes with a micron then submicron thickness were first formed. With further milling, [001] textured poly-nanocrystalline flakes with a submicron then nanosize thickness were formed. The formation of anisotropic flakes was mainly related to the polar nature of ethanol which would form a thin coating layer on the flakes through carboxylate bonds to prevent cold welding and agglomeration during the HEBM. The Nd 2Fe14B flakes prepared by the HEBM in ethanol for 5 h have a [001]-in-plane texture, a thickness in the range of 100-450 nm and a width in the range of 0.7-18 μ m, a coercivity iHc of 2.3 kOe, and a I006/I105 value of Nd2Fe14 B phase of 5.3. Postannealing at 400-550° C for 0.5 h had little effect on the flake dimensions while resulting in a reduced [001] texture and reduced remanence values besides coarser grain sizes. With increasing annealing temperature, iHc first increased, reached its maximum value of 2.8 kOe at 450 °C, then decreased. An anisotropic magnetic behavior was found in all of the as-milled and annealed flakes.

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Magnetics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:48 ,  Issue: 11 )