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A Magnetic Method to Concentrate and Trap Biological Targets

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2 Author(s)
Fuquan Li ; Div. of Phys. Sci. & Eng., King Abdullah Univ. of Sci. & Technol., Thuwal, Saudi Arabia ; Kosel, J.

Magnetoresistive sensors in combination with magnetic particles have been used in biological applications due to, e.g., their small size and high sensitivity. A growing interest is to integrate magnetoresistive sensors with microchannels and electronics to fabricate devices that can perform complex analyses. A major task in such systems is to immobilize magnetic particles on top of the sensor surface, which is required to detect the particles' stray field. In the presented work, a bead concentrator, consisting of gold microstructures, at the bottom of a microchannel, is used to attract and move magnetic particles into a trap. The trap is made of a chamber with a gold microstructure underneath and is used to attract and immobilize a defined number of magnetic beads. In order to detect targets, two kinds of solutions were prepared; one containing only superparamagnetic particles, the other one containing beads with the protein Bovine serum albumin as the target and fluorescent markers. Due to the size difference between bare beads and beads with target, less magnetic beads were immobilized inside the volume chamber in case of magnetic beads with target as compared to bare magnetic beads.

Published in:

Magnetics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:48 ,  Issue: 11 )

Date of Publication:

Nov. 2012

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