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Superconducting 4–8 GHz IF Hybrid for Low Noise mm-Wave Sideband Separation SIS Receiver

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4 Author(s)
Billade, B. ; Group of Adv. Receiver Dev. (GARD), Chalmers Univ. of Technol., Gothenburg, Sweden ; Rashid, H. ; Desmaris, V. ; Belitsky, V.

We present the design and performance of a superconducting 90° hybrid covering a full octave bandwidth from 4 to 8 GHz. The hybrid is designed using the Lange coupler layout. The novel features of this quadrature hybrid include superconducting niobium (Nb) transmission lines, air bridges to connect the fingers of the coupler and a bias-T integrated with the coupler. Our simulations indicate that the amplitude imbalance of the designed hybrid is less than 0.8 dB over the entire 4-8 GHz band with negligible phase imbalance. Experimental verification of the hybrid at 4 K, shows very good agreement between the simulations and the measurement results. The measured amplitude imbalance of the hybrid is less than 0.8 dB over 98% of the band and the maximum phase imbalance is ±4 degrees.

Published in:

Microwave and Wireless Components Letters, IEEE  (Volume:22 ,  Issue: 11 )