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A near-threshold, multi-node, wireless body area sensor network powered by RF energy harvesting

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8 Author(s)
Jiao Cheng ; Oregon State Univ., Corvallis, OR, USA ; Lingli Xia ; Chao Ma ; Yong Lian
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A wirelessly-powered, near-threshold, body area network SoC supporting synchronized multi-node TDMA operation is demonstrated in 65nm CMOS. A global clock source sent from a base-station wirelessly broadcasts at 434.16MHz to all sensor nodes, where each individual BAN sensor is phase-locked to the base-station clock using a super-harmonic injection-locked frequency divider. Each near-threshold SoC harvests energy from and phase locks to this broadcasted 434.16MHz waveform, eliminating the need for a battery. A Near-VT MICS-band OOK transmitter sends the synchronized local sensor data back to the base-station in its pre-defined TDMA slot. For an energy-harvested local VDD=0.56V, measurements demonstrate full functionality over 1.4m between the base-station and four worn sensors, including two that are NLOS. The sensitivity of the RF energy harvesting and the wireless clock synchronization are measured at -8dBm and -35dBm, respectively. ECG Lead-II/Lead-III waveforms are experimentally captured, demonstrating the end-to-end system application.

Published in:

Custom Integrated Circuits Conference (CICC), 2012 IEEE

Date of Conference:

9-12 Sept. 2012